The singularity of Chinese car companies is absolute majority of produced machines are realized in home market. Among exported copies, nearly one million in year, the big part go to Algeria, Brazil, Venezuela, Iraq, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Russia, South Africa, Syria. Cars from China are different with their low price, but together with it good complement and design, not bad adaptiveness to different facilities.
Cherry cars 2016
Geely cars 2016
Luxgen cars 2016
History of Chinese Car Manufacturers
In 1956, seven years after the Revolution and the founding of the PRC, the 1st car factory in Changchun started producing trucks Jiefang-SA140, are basically copies of domestic ZIS-150. Fraternal, as it was customary to say to the people, Soviet designers handed drawings, helped with the necessary equipment, trained future specialists. The same truck after a while began to produce and at the 2nd building plant in Shiyan, which is in the province of Hubei.
In fact, there are sources that mention that the first hundred cars in China were collected as early as 1953, but, apparently, it was only a thorough, renovated beyond recognition import samples. By the way, in the era of so-called “Great Leap Forward”, the beginning of which actually coincided with the motorization of China, in the field of auto repair there reached a truly great success. Overhaul of 23 truck equipment performed for a mere 2 hours and 7 minutes. It is true that the specific case of transport, and most importantly how he then went, clarified the Chinese side was not.
Already in 1958, China has reported the world about the enormous progress made in the automobile industry. In addition to the two already mentioned big factories, there was started production about a half dozen small. Great Leap Forward including implied that steel could cook every yard – hence produce machines too. In the spring of 1958 China had its own first car – Chinkanchan.
With this technique, Chinese car manufacturers first appeared on the international scene. No, of course, on the export of their limos they did not deliver, but in 1960 Hongqi, as a symbol of the growing power of the Chinese industry, the socialist camp was demonstrated at the fair in Leipzig, and in 1965 it was seen at the exhibition in Paris.
It was only towards the middle of the 80s of the last century chinese automobile companies again gradually began to develop the production of passenger cars, now on the basis of license relations. Then in China were first major international automotive corporations that have become joint ventures and build their own factories for the production of passenger cars.
One of the first foreign car manufacturers in China has become the German company Volkswagen Group. Then it was a joint venture between a Chinese company BAIC and American Motors Corporation (now DaimlerChrysler Corporation). These two Chinese car names of companies have become major producers in a small market of China in the 80s. In the factories of these companies at the time held SKD, where cars were assembled from ready-made parts and components. In this regard, due to low production costs, both companies had a unique position in the Chinese car market.
As a result of the reforms and the creation of a favorable environment for foreign investment in the mid-1990s. since the beginning of the formation of a joint venture between General Motors (GM) and Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation SAIC, many of the major car manufacturers such as Ford, Toyota, Daimler Chrysler, Volkswagen, Nissan-Renault, PSA Peugeot Citroen, Honda, BMW and other steel base in China joint ventures with one, two or even in some cases with three domestic producers. At the moment, China has more than 25 such joint enterprises producing finished cars and more joint ventures producing components and equipment for the assembly of motor vehicles.
In 2009 China draw ahead of USA, which till then were the biggest manufacture in the world. In next 2010, less than 18 million copies China has not produced.
Nearly half of cars from China are local brands, such as BYD, Chang’an (Chana), Lifan, Geely, Hafei, Chery, Jianghuai (Jac) and Roewe. The others are benefit of joint ventures with such companies as Volkswagen, Hyundai, General Motors, Nissan, Toyota, Honda, Mitsubishi and other.
Chinese Car Names and Logos of Brands
Chery – despite the modest size reached in the event of an incredibly great success and has become the fastest growing automaker in China. That is Chinese state-owned company, which produces cars, as well as accessories.
In 2007, an official crash test sedan Chery Amulet, which was organized by the Laboratory of the British Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA). This successful test of Chery cars allowed to start selling Chery Amulet in EU countries.
First Automobile Works (FAW) – the first Chinese automotive company with state ownership. The history of the company dates back to 1953, when with the assistance of the Soviet government in the city of Changchun opened the first factory for produc cars and trucks. FAW is the second-largest car production company in China after Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC).
Geely Group was founded November 6, 1986. Carefully selected team of young, talented professionals carefully preparing the foundation for a successful start at the market in China and in 1994 the company Geely becomes the leader in the production of scooters. During the first year sales figure reached 60,000, and the next tripled, representing more than 200,000.
Luxgen – car Taiwanese automaker «Yulon Motor». The name is derived from two words Luxury (wealth, luxury) and Genius (genius, endowments). Originally, «Yulon Motor» several decades engaged in the production license models Nissan and Mitsubishi for the Taiwanese market, as well as automotive components and spare parts for them. After a long period of cooperation with the world’s automakers guide Yulon Motor has decided to release its own premium brand, which was named Luxgen.